Q: Woody or Arlo?
A: Guthrie OK was named after
AT&SF Railroad attorney, Judge
Q: What is a Boomer?
A: A member of the movement to
open the Unassigned lands to
settlement under the Homestead
Act of 1862.
406 EAST OKLAHOMA AVENUE
GUTHRIE, OKLAHOMA 73044
April 20, 1889, Guthrie, IT
Walking to Guthrie
on April 22, 1889
Tent City, Guthrie, IT
April 27, 1889
June 8. 1889
|A National Historic
Landmark and the
Birthplace of Oklahoma
MUSEUM'S 50th in
At 12 o'clock noon of April 22, 1889, the Unassigned Lands of "Oklahoma
Country" opened to "Non-Indian" settlement.
In an 1887 letter to the Chicago Times, Elias C. Boudinot, a mixed blood
Cherokee and attorney for the MK&T Railroad, advocated for the opening
of the land.
Boomers, led by David Payne and William Couch attempted to settle the
land sixteen times before the opening. their allies in Congress presented
thirty three bills to open the land.
The Springer Amendment, a rider attached to the Indian
Appropriations bill permitted the opening of the lands.
On March 23, 1889, President Benjamin Harrison set the
time of the opening for noon , April 22.
An estimated 50,000 to 75,000 people took part in
"Harrison's Hoss Race." Of these, only one in three
ABOUT THE LAND RUN
The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad originally
established Guthrie as a depot in March of 1887.
Guthrie, along with Kingfisher was designated as a U.S.
Land Office for the opening of the Unassigned Lands.
Town sites were limited to 320 acres. The 10,000 settlers
who descended on Guthrie that first day formed four town
sites: Guthrie, East Guthrie, West Guthrie and
Capital Hill. The town sites were combined to form the
City of Guthrie on July 17, 1890.
The Organic Act of 1890 created the Oklahoma Territory
with Guthrie, its most prominent city, as the Capital.
Guthrie also acted as the county seat of County Number
One, later called Logan County.
On November 16, 1907, Theodore Roosevelt declared
Oklahoma a state. In a ceremony on the steps of the
Carnegie Library, Mr. Oklahoma symbolically married
Miss Indian Territory, forming the Forty-Sixth state in
the Union. Guthrie remained the capital of the new state
until a vote of the people on June 11, 1910 moved it to
Today, Guthrie is the largest contiguous urban historic
district on the National Register of Historic Places.
Q: What is A Sooner?
A: A "Sooner" was a person who entered the Territory sooner
than the law allowed.
Q: Was the land really "Free"?
A: A $14.00 filing fee was required to register a claim.
That's $392.28 in U.S. Dollars in 2020!
Q: Did the settlers come by horse or wagon or train?
A: It's estimated that 50% came by train